Previous Chapter


Consider three characters in the Geoffrey of Monmouth's "Vita Merlini": there was Gwenddoleu, Gwenddydd (Merlin's sister), and Rodarcus (also "Rhydderch"). The first two must depict the Gwynedd Celts; Gwynedd was the strongest kingdom of all Wales at one point, located in North Wales.

The third term is a variation of "Rodri/Roderick," said to mean "red" and yet it looks to me like the dragon-line codeword, "wheel" (e.g. Rodez, Rudr), belonging to the Rus of France and Scandinavia...who worshiped Rod, the god of ancestors. Although there were kings by that name, in keeping with my view that mythic names are people groups, I tend to view Rhydderch as descended from the Redones of France. They eventually settled in Brittany (on the west-European coast facing Britain). There may be a chance that Rhydderch symbolizes Rotterdam, a location that figures larger and larger, as this book progresses, in holy-grail history.

Because Merlin's wife was named, "Guendoloena," it can indicate that he was of the Gwenea peoples who named Vannes, Brittany, a dragon-line peoples who then moved to Wales to become the Gwynedd kingdom. "Guendoloena" seems to have been fashioned by Geoffrey to mean "Gwenedd Line," even as I view "Merlin" as referring to the Mars Line. It is an historical (non-mythical) assessment that Vannes (Brittany) was founded and named by the Veneti, and that the city was also called "Gwenea." This descent from the Veneti would make Merlin a descendant of Mars, for the Veneti and other Italians from them were from that god.

Merlin is more-assuredly connected to the Gwynedda in that his sister (i.e. a fellow tribe) is identified as "Ganieda." She turns out to be the queen of king Rhydderch. He is the king of the Cumbrians (Cymbri) in this story, and Merlin is his ally. Merlin, a magician, may depict the Druid priesthood in its entirety, or at least the part of the priesthood loyal to Rhyderch.

To substantiate that a peoples from Brittany are here involved, Geoffrey referred to the fighters of Merlin as the "Britons." And in fact the Cumbrians are said to be one stock with the Britons. One website had this to say (brackets not mine): "The name Cambri (Cymry), now applied to the Welsh, was formerly used of the Britons of Strathclyde and Cumberland - 'Y Gogledd'. The kingdom of Rhydderch was in this region." (

Okay, so Rhydderch was of Cimmerian blood stationed near the modern English-Scottish border. Merlin lived in south Wales. Merlin's wife depicted north Wales since that is where the Gwynedd kingdom stood, meaning possibly that Merlin was not of the Gwynedda (bloodline), but merely allied to them.

In tune with my theory that in Wales we are dealing with an early Gogi peoples, I found that the Welsh "worked extensive copper mines, the remains of which can still be seen in such places as the Great Orme (Pen y Gogarth) Llandudno, Gwynedd"

Brackets not mine. Llandudno is right on the Great-Ormos-Head peninsula near Rhos-on-the-Sea. But as you can see, the two names evoking Hermes and the Rus, but Great Ormes was at one time "Gogarth." I read elsewhere that "A Norse presence is indicated by the modern English name for Pen y Gogarth, which derives from Horma Heva, "the Great Serpent".

"Horma" seems yet a better allusion to Hermes than "Ormes." This place of the Great Serpent is where Erethlyn was located. Now consider what Herodotus said, in his Book 5, of the Thracians, that "they worship only Ares and Dionysus and Artemis. Their kings, however, apart from the rest of the people, worship Hermes more than all gods, and swear by him alone; and they say that they are descended from Hermes."

That sounds as though the kings kept to a secret society. It's interesting indeed that the region of Pen y Gogarth there was Bangor (still there today), which, whether or not it was named after "Van," must have been the origin of Bangor, Maine. What's interesting is that Bangor (Wales) is situated on the Menai strait overlooking the island of Mona, terms that evoke not only Manes and Armenia, as I've said so many times thus far, but now also Maine in the United States!! Surely this can't be a coincidence.

Now the term "Llandudno is interesting when undressed of it's "Lland," for there remains only an "Udno" at that point, which to me looks like Edone/Idun," the lands of the Thyni of Thrace and the Edonians of Thrace, the peoples who put forth Odin (whom the Romans said was Mercury/Hermes) on one hand, and the Druids on the other.

Geoffrey says that the king Rhydderch "made war on Gwenddoleu, who ruled the realm of Scotland," thus indicating that some branches of the Gwynedda had moved from North Wales to Scotland by the middle of the first millennium AD. And they came to be at war with their Welsh counterparts who were allied to Geoffrey's codeword, "Rhydderch."

Although the men of Gwenddoleu are called the "Scots," the term used by Geoffrey to describe them does not allow me to view them as the Scots proper who stemmed from the Irish proper. For "Gwenddoleu" suggests an obvious origin in the Gwynedd kingdom...which was of the Britonic, so-called "P-Celt" branch, while the Irish/Scots were of the "Q-Celt" Gaels.

In another work, the Britonic enemies of Gwenddoleu were "Percival" ("Peredur" in Welsh) and his twin brother, Gworgi/Gorgi, thus possibly exposing them as Gorgons/Gogi...which makes sense since they were Cimmerians. The said battle was at modern Arthuret in English Cambria, in north England near the modern Scottish border; the twins ruled from Ebrauc just in or beside York. Now I mention Ebrauc because it was in pre-Roman times "Brigantia" (named after the Brigantians) evoking the ancient name of the Phrygians, Bryges, who were the Apple/Dragon/Rose/Grail/Fleece line. When the Romans arrived, they found the king of Brigantian to be Venutius, perhaps named in honor/memory of their Veneti descendants.

Now Rhydderch's wife was "Languoreth," perhaps the root of the Lancaster settlement that was also in those parts, but possibly stretching back to Languedoc and/or Langres in France. The latter, "Langres," looks like a perfect match with "Languoreth." Langres, because it was in north France, would appear to me to refer to the particular Redones that became the Danes, wherefore Rhydderch's wife appears as the Danann who had long-before escaped their homes in Ireland to re-settle in proto-Scotland and Wales. As the Danann came to rule Erethlyn, Ormes, Rhos, and Mona, Rhydderch, from the Redones of southern France, was allied to his Danann kin who had been in Wales ahead of him.

It's interesting that Strathclyde, the throne of Rhydderch, is in Lanark-shire (S.W. Scotland) today. To the east of Strathclyde was Manaw Gododdin, and to the south was the island of Manaw (Isle of Man). It seems an easy conclusion that "Manow" derived from the same origin as "Mona." At the following website we learn that the Isle of Man (also "Mon") was named by the Danann, and in particular after the Danaan ruler, Manannan. That these Danaans were the Hermes- and Apollo-related Gogi that I have been refering to, we find this quote where the brackets are not mine:

"The connection of Lug (an Irish divinity, corresponding partly to Hermes, partly to Apollo) with Manannan and [the Isle of] Man, is said to have been a close one, as will be seen from the following account of him...Lug is thus described: 'Like to the setting sun was the splendour of his countenance and his forehead; and they were not able to look in his face from the greatness of its splendour. And he was Lugh Lanch-fada...' Lug was famous for his mighty blows, and his spear became one of the treasures of the Tutha Dé Danaun."


"Tutha" evokes king Thoth of Egypt, he being the Egyptian variation of Hermes, whose father was king Menes (no doubt after the Phrygian god, Manes). The people of the Isle of Man became known as "Manx," a variation of "Mans." But do note that the sun god, Lug, a variation of "Loki," must mean "wolf." And as he was named "Lanch," a possible connection with Languedoc/Langres (i.e. the Lingones) is possible, especially as "Lug" itself may derive from the Ligurians...who are said by some to have been related to the Lingones.

Boetius said that Manannan "was the establisher and cultivator of religion after the manner of the Egyptians.--He caused great stones to be placed in the form of a circle." (

Like Mona, the Isle of Mon was a chief center for the Druids, and as the Druids were associated with the Danann of Ireland, the conclusion seems clear enough, that the Druids (originating in the Edones/Getae of Thrace) carried the Egyptian religion to Britain when the Getae became intermarried with to the Egypt-based Danaans of Argos. I might add that the Great Pyramid was in Giza, a term reflecting Cotys, son of Manes, or better yet, Ceto the mother of the Hesperides, terms which I believe came to refer to the Getae.

Manannan was himself a sorceror, and it had been said by ancient writers that he made one man look like a hundred, that picture evoking the giant stone statues ("megaliths") that line some shores of Britain, incluing Mon and North Wales. On the east coast of Mon there is even the locality of Ramses. Nearby is Glen Mona, and very close to that is the archeaolical site of Cashtel, where was a heap of stones in the shape of a cone used as tombs and thus evoking the Egyptian pyramids.

Manannan (perhaps a play-on-words with "Danann") was ousted from Ireland by the Irish proper. Manannan then settled the Isle of Man and his peoples must have went on to the Scottish mainland ahead of the Scots proper, but at a location near north Wales. This would strongly suggest that Manannan went on to found Mona. Yet Rhos, Erethlyn, Great Ormes, Bangor, etc., were likely settled long before by friendly Danaan relatives...explaining why the Danann were in the first place fleeing there when losing their war with the Irish. The two-headed wolf, Orthos, that belonged to Geryon of Erethlyn, may have depicted those Danann relatives, for example the Fomorians and Fir-Bolgs. I do not now believe that either dog head could have depicted the Danaan because I think Hercules depicted the Danaan (who killed the dog).

The website below tells that monuments of the Cashtel type were found also in Bute and Arran, islands in the Firth of Clyde (west of Glasgow). This reveals that Bute and Arran, not to mention the entire region of Clyde, were (long before Rhydderch and Merlin) Danann settlements. To verify what I have been saying all along, that the Danaans find ancestry in Media, note that "Arran" evokes "Eran/Aryan" of Media. Indeed, Ayr and Ayrshire are coastal regions over-looking Arran, and those terms evoke Ares, and Aria his origin in Media.

It can't be another coincidence that, north of Arran, there is the region of Argyll, evoking Argos, and that further north yet there is the island of Iona, evoking Io, goddess of Argos. When combining these points, it tells that the first peoples on Britain were from the Greeks. Bute, an important name to the Steward bloodline, is in Argyll, but while Argyll may belong to the Scots proper, the Stewarts (under another name, fo course), may have lived on the island prior to the Scots, as part of the Danann peoples, or something similar.

What was an astounding find for me is that the Rose clan of Scotland originated in Ayrshire before moving far north to Ross-Shire (see Ayrshire map) and Ross-Shire region. It tends to seal what I suspected, that the Roses of Scotland were an integral part of the Dragon/Rose line. In fact, just like the Danann, it is said by others, including some Roses, that the Rose clan originated in Ireland.

Have you heard of the Rose DNA Reconstruction Project, formed in 2001 to identify true Roses? At a Rose-family website, we read: "The Rose Family Association DNA project is the 2nd largest DNA study with Family Tree DNA and is one of the largest such projects in the world!"

We are dealing with western Atlantis here, which was called "Hespera" by Siculus. Atlantis has been identified by some as Sao Tome off west Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea. While I think this is not correct, note that this island was populated by Gorgons, and that "Guinea" evokes Gwenea (Vannes) in Brittany. Thus it could seem that Western Atlantis, though once in the hands of the Geryon peoples, came to be identified with the kingdom of the Gwenea/Gwynedd peoples who took it over. The golden apples, according to Greek myth, are found in Hesperia/Hesperides, wherefore I would suggest that this "garden" is to be found among the Gwenea-Gwynedd kingdom. I assume that the Gwenea peoples came to Wales to rule Atlantis, and therefore when they settled Erethlyn they settled the very heart of Atlantis...which must also be the apple garden.

The Merovingian Franks have been fitted into the holy-grail lore of king-Arthur, but I may now have the key in making the connection: that the Merovingians were (possibly) the founders of Vannes/Gwenea. For Britannica says that "Another people called Veneti were a Celtic tribe of the Morbihan district in modern Brittany..." It was the Morbihan who founded Vannes/Gwenea!!

I can't find the origin of the term, "Morbihan," but it sure does look as though "Merovech/Merovee" (progenitor of the Merovingians) qualifies, especially with the common "v" to "b" switch. We can easily find a "Bia" or "Biaina" in the "bihan" portion of "Morbihan" so that perhaps it should be read as Mor-Bihan, "mor" possibly meaning "sea" as the "Mer(o)" in "Merovi" suggests. That would render the name as "The Bia/Van by the Sea." Interesting along this argument is that historical variations of "Merovech" include "Meroveus/Merovee"...which modify to my hypothetical "Merobeus/Merobee."

Now just as there were Gorgons in Guinea, and Gorgons throughout the dragon bloodline, so Geoffrey (of Monmouth) depicted the rulers of a certain "Fortunate Isle" as women, an apparent inferrence to Amazons. Moreover, the island itself is an inferrence to Avalon, the "apple orchard," for Geoffrey calls it "the island of apples." I imagine that this place must have been the capital of Western Atlantis at one point, and the finger points to north Wales in Erethlyn...since that is where (the monster) Geryon ruled, and where Ladon, an apparent synonym of Geryon, protected the apples. Of course, the kingdom was known as "Atlantis", not in historical reality, but only secretively...among the brotherhood/bloodline stemming from Atlas and Poseidon that ruled the region.

The "apple garden," being an island, was quite possibly Mona because Erethlyn faced it. This would not only make Mona part of the island of Atlantis, but part of the legendary "Thule" of the Scandinavians, often likened to Atlantis. To this I would add that "Thule" looks like "Toul" and "Toulouse" of France, and these terms may have affinity with "Dol" of Brittany, where ruled the Stewarts and Alans.

Aside from Erytheia and Arethusa, another Hesperide daughter was "Hesperia," the same name as the island of Atlantis. The first two daughters would suggest two tribes of Erethlyn, and could thus depict the same as Geryon's two-headed dog, named "Orthos" (by the Greek myth writers).

Hercules was the only one ever to find the apples of the Hesperides, yet he couldn't find the apples without the help of Atlas. This clue reveals that the bloodline of Atlas was ruling in Hespera. That no one could find Erethlyn but Hercules means that the "Atlanteans" (i.e. Geryon) lived there in peace...until Hercules came to make war with them.

Geoffrey uses "Gades" and "Gorgades" in the same breath, showing that he knew the Getae to have been Gorgons. He compared the Gorgades to the Griffens of Greek myth when he said that the Gorgades were woman with the bodies of goats. True to Greek myth, the Getae were thus evoked by his secret code, "goat." Geoffrey obviously viewed the Getae as Amazons, which, while depicted in myth as a female-only peoples, were more likely the transvestites and homosexuals of the Galli/Kabeiri cult (Dionysus was a transvestite). In between the mention of Gades and Gorgades, he mentions Hesperides.

The region around Ayrshire -- belonging once to the Danann of Ireland -- was much later taken over by the Britons under Rhydderch. In the course of time, he attacked the Gwynedd branch in Scotland, who may certainly have become allied to the Scots proper, explaining why Geoffrey calls them Scots. In fact, this alliance to the Scots may be the reason that it was detested by its Welsh-branch counterpart, in that the Welsh branch was allied to the remnants of the Danann...who had been previously chased out of Ireland by the proto-Scots.

The Scots had entered Scotland from the extreme north west, far from the Danann in and near Wales, and while it is predictable that they were not welcome by the Danann into southern regions, they eventually found an alliance with some Gwynedd peoples, and this may have been the underlying cause of the war.

After the battle, Merlin retreats from society into the Caledonian woods, in grief for his dead brothers, and laments to God that 19 apple trees which used to give comfort are no longer producing fruit. It's evident that the apple trees depict the losers in the war, and that there were counted 19 distinct peoples in all among the Scottish-Gwynedd fighters. This is a vivid revelation identifying the Apple line as the Gwenea/Veneti!

In Geoffrey's account, there is also "a wolf from the sea" that drives out the peoples of Cornwall (extreme south-western tip of Britain). Earlier in the poem, as Merlin lamented the fall of the 19 apple trees, he also lamented a wolf of the Caledon forest that could no longer feed itself and was turning old and frail, as though the wolf depicted the defeated Gwynedds themselves. Very interesting along this line is that Merlin has been identified as "Lalockin" (Llallogan in Welsh), the twin of his sister Gwenddydd. That is, it is said that Geoffrey, in writing his story, copied a story about Lalockin (also "Lailoken"), and we can easily see the "Loki" (wolf) in that name, although it may refer more specifically to Lug.

Lalockin may have derived from the Leleges, especially in view of the Welsh version, "Llallogan." In fact, "Lalockin" may be a play on words for "Leleg's Kin." The Lelegians were, remember, the Cauconians/Gogi of the Greek theater, and deeply involved in the secret societies of the dragon line i.e. likely its priests. When you see the hooded Ku Klux Klan, have you ever noticed the resemblance to the Druids? And if you've always known that "Ku Klux" has no comprehensible meaning, note how easily an intelligible Kuk Lux Klan is derived with the change of only one letter: the Gog Wolf Clan.

Acoetes (priest of Dionysus), an Etruscan (technically a Tyrrhenian/Lydian) by blood, was therefore definitely from Manes. Indeed, he claims to be from the Meionians, no doubt named after Manes. The Meionians are known to have become the Lydians, and now note that the capital of Lydia, Sardis, was also known as Thymbra, apparently a variation of "Cimbri" and therefore the root of "Cambria." It should also be noted that the Lydians and Mysians were relatives while the Mysians were connected to the Meosi peoples at the mouth of the Danube, a term that looks like "mushu" = "dragon." The occult/ritualistic Getae were also at the mouth of the Danube, and as they were from Cotys (son of Manes), it could seem that the priest "Acoetes" was simply a version of "Cotys."

I found that "Acoetes is known for being the father of Laocoon," and it can't be a coincidence that Laocoon/Lacoon was from (Greek) Calydon, and that his name, like "Loki," appears as "wolf." If Merlin's original name, Lalockin, is not rooted in Leleg, then perhaps in Laocoon.

Now Loki had a child by the name of "Fenrir" that was a wolf, and I think we can say with utmost accuracy that this term refers to the that the Vanir in totality are revealed as a wolf peoples. Loki's mother was Laufey, and this term alternates as "Lauphey" and then modifies to a hypothetical Lupi/Lupo meaning "wolf" in Latin languages.

In the Argos family tree of Pausanias, the sixth generation after Argus produced "Gelanor," a mythical term that sounds a lot like the Gelonus stemming from Hercules. I would definitely equate the two terms because the Danann took the throne of Argos during the rule of Gelanor, meaning that the peoples depicted by "Gelanor" had to flee Greece at that time, explaining why Herodotus reported that the "Geloni" were "anciently Greeks" and fleeing war to make their home amid the Boudini.

If I am correct in rooting the Alans to the Greeks, and moreover since Aeolia was Calydon's wife, it indicates that the Alans proper of Britain were related by blood to Scottish Caledon...wherefore we should find Alans in Caledon i.e. southern Scotland. Behold Arthur, wounded at Camallan, is taken to Fortunate Isle to recover. Camallan was north of the Firth of Forth i.e. in Scotland...on the Allan river!! (See map)

Yet "Arthur" itself seems like a variation of "Ereth," that oft-repeated and very-sacred word, and therefore he was not likely an historical man, but rather an eponym for Erethlyn...the hub of Atlantis and the protectorate of the Hesperides/Avalon Apple Garden. Arthur defeated all the peoples surrounding his core kingdom and thus developed an empire. He must have been the outflow of Hercules peoples who had defeated Geryon (in Erethlyn).

Now Hercules, as I have mentioned previously, was of Cimmerian blood. When he returned from Erethlyn to the far east (800-600 BC), he mated with a half-snake woman near Azov, and behold she brought forth the "Gelonus" Scythians who many interpret as (Sarmation) Alans proper. Thus goes the myth that explains the origin of the Sarmation Alans, the Alans proper. Among these were the "Geloni" that Herodotus tied back to Greece, even though they were found in the Russian far north...near the Hyperboreans.

The Hercules myth thus makes it obvious that the proto-Dane bloodline ventured, prior to the formation of the Danes proper (i.e. of Denmark), on an eastward migration through France and Italy and into Macedonia, where it forked off, one fork going as fas as Azov/Crimea.

The Gelonus (of north Russia) were living amongst the Boudini, according to Herodotus; the latter may have been from the Bithyni (of Asia), a peoples known to be from the Thyni (also from Asia, on the Bithyni border). The Boudini were blue-eyed Aryans; the Gelonus were darker, and no wonder since they were from Greece. Yet they lived together. It may be that the Gelonus were the southern fork of the said Hercules migrants, while the Boudini were the northern fork, by which I mean to say that the Boudini were Alans.

Herodotus wrote that an "Iyrcae" peoples lived smack beside the Boudini and the Gelonus. The Iyrcae may have named "York" in Britain, and one can see that both terms may derive from "Gorg(on)" There is a similarity between "Iyrcae" and the Gorgon city of "Verkana" (= "wolf's land"). The Great Dane breed of dog, previously called the "Alano," serves as some evidence that the Alans lived among the Iyrcae, for the Iyrcae were known for breed large hunting dogs. These peoples may have become the wolf people precisely on that score.

I could easily believe that the Iyrcae were a branch of Hyperboreans (also a wolf peoples) since Herodotus placed the Hyperboreans in the same general area of north Russia. The Ros-Alans, or "Roxolani," who also lived in north Russia, are perhaps proof that the Rus (i.e. the Danes i.e. Hercules) put forth the Alans proper (i.e. Sarmations) of Russia. It is often said that the Sarmations and the Slav Rus are one and the same, which now makes sense since the Slavs are also from the Redones/Rodez. The Redones were not the Hercules peoples (who migrated from Gwynedd to Azov), but the Geryon cattle that, symbolically speaking, Hercules brought along. That is, two peoples migrated together, one the Greek Danaans, and two the Redones. The conclusion is that these two became the Alans i.e. the Slavs.

Because the Slavs are descended directly from the Vandals, and they in turn from the Veneti, it tends to show the migratory route that Hercules took from Britain to Russia. It must have forked off northward at Italy as he was passing through, to the land then settled by them, where they themselves became the Vandals. The Vandals are known to descend from the historical Lugii peoples, and this must be the peoples depicted by the god, Lug, who had been a ruler of the Danann of Ireland i.e. of the Hercules peoples. Thus, the Lugii may not have put forth Lug in Ireland, but rather Lug from Ireland/Wales put forth the Lugii when passing eastward through France and Italy.

Knowing now that these Lug-Hercules migrants originated from what would much later become Gwynedd, note how "Wend/Vand" is similar to "Gwynedd." It may thus be that the Gwynedd originated in the Vandals, meaning also that the Gwenea of Brittany (from whom the Gwynedda descended) may have been from the Vandals. On the other hand, "Gwynedd" may not derive from "Wend/Vand," but from the Venedi. My hunch is that Gwenea/Vannes was founded by the Vandal branch of Veneti, rather than directly from the Veneti, since I believe that Gwenea was founded by Merovingians and Stewarts, whom were Alans.

This all tends to show that Atlantis belonged to the Rus(sians) of Europe, and therefore to Rosh. It's interesting that the Ros-Alans are/were also called "Aes-Alans." A chief god of the Aesir was Balder, whom I have noted evolves easily to/from Valder = Walter, the name used by the earliest-known Stewarts (of Dol). Perhaps the Stewarts took that name in memory of Balder. He was known by the variation, "Baeldaeg," looking very much like Baal-Dog. The Stewarts did honor a dog diety.

[Update January 2007 -- I found this statement: "The Stewarts of Garthill (or Garroquhill) descend from an earlier branch of the Baldorran Stewarts. This branch became extinct..." I don't know that house was connected to mythical Balder, but I thought I'd mention it.

End update] In Geoffrey's fantastical "History of Britain" (1136), Arthur's wife, Guinevere ("Gwenhwyfar" in Welsh) must refer to the Gwynedd kingdom, but because that term is devoid of a "d" (wheras other like terms used the "d"), she may have directly depicted the Gwenea of Brittany.


These Butes Were Made for...
The elite Stewarts of Britain were aligned with Bute,
and so let's check out the Greek god, Butes.
leads also to the pagan Frogs.

Table of Contents